Medically reviewed & written by Dr. Neha Sawant (PT) — Research Associate Masters in Neurophysiotherapy

Medically reviewed & written by Dr. Jude Dsouza (PT) — Research Associate Masters in Neurophysiotherapy

Plantar Fasciitis



Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar fascia. Plantar fascia is a strong, thick tissue that runs beneath the foot. It joins the heel bone to the toes, creating the arch of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain and results from overuse of plantar fascia during weight bearing conditions like walking, standing, running etc. Plantar fasciitis is often associated with a heel spur, a piece of bone projecting out from the heel bone, although several people have heel spurs without any pain.



Plantar fasciitis is pain under the heel, which can be dull or sharp. The foot sole may burn and the heel may be mildly swollen. The pain is often worse early morning 



Engaging in sports and activities that put stress on the heel bone, such as running, dance and aerobics. People with Flat-feet or having high arches commonly experience this condition. Plantar fasciitis is often seen in Obesity, Pregnancy. Occupations like traffic police men, laboratory workers, teachers etc.  which involve Spending a lot of time on your feet are prone to developing plantar fasciitis.  Shoes with poor arch support or stiff soles can also contribute to developing this condition.



Physical examination by doctor to check the arches of the feet suspect any redness, swelling, tenderness, stiffness or tightness. X-ray or ultrasound scan, rules out other possible causes of heel pain.


Treatment And Prevention



Treatment includes Pain-relief medicine, such as anti-inflammatory drugs. Physiotherapy with specific stretching exercises, pain relieving modalities and strengthening exercises. Rest your foot as much as possible. Most importantly, Wear shoes with heel cushions and arch supports.


Read our Articles