Medically reviewed & written by Dr. Neha Sawant (PT) — Research Associate Masters in Neurophysiotherapy

Medically reviewed & written by Dr. Jude Dsouza (PT) — Research Associate Masters in Neurophysiotherapy





Calluses are formed by an accumulation of dead skin cells which harden and thicken over the plantar surface of the foot.The callus formation is the body’s defence mechanism to safeguard the foot against excessive friction and pressure. Calluses are usually found on the plantar surface and the inner side of the great toe and the heel. This condition may also be referred as Plantar Keratosis.



Calluses develop because of excessive pressure at a certain area of the foot. Common causes of callus formation are tight fitting shoes, obesity,flat feet, high arched feet, and the loss of the fat pad on the bottom of the foot.


Treatment and Prevention


Few people try to reduce the pain caused by calluses by trimming them with a razor blade or knife. This is not the safe way to treat calluses, unless done by a healthcare professional. This is very dangerous and can aggravate the condition resulting in grave injuries. Diabetics should refrain from this type of treatment. Orthotics can be used to relieve the excessive pressure that leads to callus formation by distributing weight equally. An appropriate orthotic relocates pressure away from the high pressured areas to permit the callus to heal. Women especially should avoid wearing high-heeled shoes. Surgery should be considered after discussion with healthcare practioner.


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